The US Supreme Court ruled Wednesday that police must obtain a warrant before searching the cell phone of a suspect, in a major civil liberties test in the smartphone age. Mobile phones deserve the same protection against "unreasonable searches and seizures" as other personal property -- for example homes -- enshrined in the US constitution's Fourth Amendment, the top US court said. The court, in two cases involving criminal suspects whose mobile handsets were searched by police, weighed the interest of law enforcement in finding important evidence against the civil liberties guaranteed in the constitution. Chief Justice John Roberts, writing for the court, said that the principles of the US "Founding Fathers" still apply -- despite the advent of 21st century technology.
A fund for badly needed maintenance of the United States' vast but aging highways will fall short by September, authorities warned Wednesday, calling for a rise in fuel taxes to make up the coming deficit. "May Day," said Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer at a press conference. Washington does not manage highways directly but reimburses states for a part -- about 45 percent -- of their spending on construction and repair, including on bridges. The Highway Trust Fund, created in 1956, is financed by an 18.4-cent-per-gallon tax on gasoline and a 24.4-cent-per-gallon tax on diesel fuel.
More than 20 youth activists will go on trial on Sunday for taking part in an illegal protest, including the sister of a prominent figure from the 2011 uprising recently jailed over similar charges. After the army ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi last July, the authorities launched a harsh crackdown on the Islamist and secular opposition. In recent months, dozens of youth activists have been jailed for protesting illegally, after a law banning all but police-sanctioned rallies was adopted in November. They are charged with "protesting without authorisation, damaging public and private properties and blocking traffic," defence lawyer Mohamed Abdel Aziz told AFP.
If Russian lawmakers have their way, smoking for women under 40 will soon be banned, advertisement for condoms and pregnancy tests will be banished from the pages of mainstream media and using foreign words will result in a steep fine. One lawmaker with the Russian parliament's lower house, the State Duma, recently proposed introducing official standards for footwear, charging that high heels and ballet flats were bad for women's health. A legislator from the ruling United Russia party, Elena Mizulina, has put forward so many controversial ideas including proposals to ban abortions and surrogate motherhood that Russians have launched an online petition calling for her sanity to be checked. "It is no secret that Elena Mizulina, chairperson of the State Duma's family issues committee is coming forward with increasingly absurd bills," said the petition signed by more than 100,000 people.
Tunisia's National Assembly approved Wednesday the proposed dates of parliamentary and presidential polls due to take place this year under a deal to end a political crisis. After months of negotiations among Tunisia's political parties, the assembly approved October 26 for the legislative election and November 23 for the first round of the presidential poll. We are pleased that the electoral calendar has been fixed, because it gives hope for the future of Tunisia," MP Mahmoud Baroudi told AFP. The elections would consolidate the gains of an accord in January to end months of political crisis, which had blocked the democratic transition in the birthplace of the Arab Spring.
A car bomb in a Kurdish-majority neighbourhood of the ethnically mixed northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk killed five people on Wednesday evening, security and medical officials said. Twenty more people were wounded by the blast in the northern part of the tinderbox oil hub, which lies at the heart of territory Iraq's Kurds want to incorporate into their autonomous region over the objections of Baghdad. While the federal government has not abandoned its opposition to Kurdish claims, Kurdish peshmerga forces are now responsible for its external security after the army abandoned its positions in the face of a Sunni Arab militant offensive led by the jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
By Toni Clarke and Sharon Begley WASHINGTON (Reuters) - White House changes to proposed rules for tobacco products significantly weakened language detailing health risks from cigars and deleted restrictions that might have prevented online sales of e-cigarettes, published documents show. The White House's Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which analyzes the potential economic consequences of proposed regulations, deleted language in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's recently proposed regulations describing how the rules would keep thousands of people from taking up cigar smoking and have enormous public health benefits. The OMB also weakened language detailing the FDA's concerns about the safety of e-cigarettes, according to documents published Tuesday in the Federal Register. Emily Cain, a spokeswoman for OMB, said that as with any rule, OMB's office of information and regulatory affairs conducted an interagency review process "to ensure that the regulations through which agencies implement policies are efficient, well-designed to achieve their objectives, and based upon the best available evidence." "It is routine for agencies to make changes to their draft rules during the course of OMB review," she added.
Britain's David Cameron looks set to be left out on a limb at an EU summit Thursday over his crusade to block Jean-Claude Juncker's nomination as powerful European Commission chief. After posing in a rowing-boat just two weeks ago with anti-Juncker allies the Dutch and Swedish premiers, Cameron saw the pair abandon his side Wednesday, the eve of a two-day European Union summit expected to be dominated by the row. "We will support Juncker's candidacy," Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte told parliament shortly after Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt made a similar statement before a Swedish parliament committee. As for Germany's Angela Merkel, who was also in the boat and originally reticent over the choice of centre-right Juncker, she too has since changed her tune.
A car bomb in a Kurdish-majority neighbourhood of the ethnically mixed northern city of Kirkuk killed three people Wednesday evening, security and medical officials said. The blast also wounded 15 others in the northern part of the tinderbox oil hub, which lies at the centre of territory Iraq's Kurds want to incorporate into their autonomous region over the objections of Baghdad. While the federal government has not relinquished its claim to the city, Kurdish peshmerga security forces are now responsible for its external security after the army abandoned its positions when faced with a Sunni militant offensive led by the jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called for coordinated efforts to fight "terrorism" during a visit to Algiers on Wednesday, his first trip abroad since his election in May. "The purpose of my visit to Algeria is to reach a shared vision of common interests and challenges facing the two countries and the region," Algerian official media quoted the ex-army chief as saying. Sisi was met by Algerian premier Abdelmalek Sellal and Senate speaker Abdelkader Bensalah, and was later received by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, whose chronic health problems have severely limited his movements. Algeria and Egypt both share long borders with Libya, which has been gripped by deadly violence since the NATO-backed ouster of dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011 that scattered weapons across the Sahara region and has provided refuge for jihadists.
Republicans were likely to hold the U.S. Senate seat in Mississippi regardless of whether conservative upstart Chris McDaniel or six-term incumbent Thad Cochran won Tuesday’s primary election runoff. And yet Cochran’s narrow victory came as a relief to national Republicans, who were anxious about what a McDaniel bid could mean for their chances of winning back the Senate majority. The electoral map that decides control of the Senate is a constantly evolving puzzle for both major parties, with national organizations making ever-changing calculations on which states should receive the most resources to guarantee the best overall outcome for their sides. Any money that has to be spent in one state in many ways deprives another on the map from being a beneficiary.
By Elvina Nawaguna WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A U.S. Senate panel on Wednesday approved San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro to lead the Department of Housing and Urban Development, clearing the way for a final vote in the full Senate. If confirmed in the post, as expected, Castro would be in position to push the Obama administration's plan to wind down mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, an effort that has stalled in Congress. A graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School, the 39-year-old Castro became the youngest mayor of a major U.S. city when elected in May 2009. He said he would seek to make sure taxpayers would not be on the hook again if another housing crisis struck, as they were when the government stepped in to rescue Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae in 2008.