Medical Headlines

Breast cancer: lack of resources in low-income countries 'alarming'

A presentation to be held at the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference today will reveal the latest figures that provide insight into the global burden of breast cancer. And although there are some signs of positivity in reducing this burden, it is clear there is still a lot more work to be done.According to Prof.

Americans struggling to afford food are also skipping medications

A new study in The American Journal of Medicine investigates to what extent chronically ill adults who are struggling financially are taking less medication than they are prescribed or no medication at all.The study acknowledges that there is renewed optimism in the economy at present, but it finds that many Americans are still having trouble meeting basic needs.

Poor oxytocin development could be to blame for alcohol and drug addiction

New research from the University of Adelaide in Australia suggests that poor development of oxytocin in early childhood may explain why some individuals succumb to addictive behavior, such as alcohol or drug abuse.Oxytocin, more commonly referred to as the "love hormone," is known to play an important role in partnership, social interaction and maternal behavior.

Drug-resistant bacterial infections on the rise in American children

An antibiotic-resistant type of Gram-negative bacteria is infecting an increasing number of children in the US, researchers report in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.These findings come at a time when the issue of drug-resistant bacteria is at the forefront of public health concerns.

Could understanding how the brain processes music help treat illness?

New research is expanding scientists' understanding of how the human brain processes music. We take a look at recent projects examining the interactions of music and neurology and ask what benefits this knowledge might have therapeutically or for future research.Doctors have long known that listening to music can cause physiological changes.

3D-printed implants restore baby's breathing

Because of a condition that put huge pressure on his airways, 18-month-old Garrett Peterson of Utah had been tethered to ventilators and lived in hospitals since he was born. He was in mortal danger because his airways had collapsed, and even on their highest settings, the ventilators could not prevent his breathing from stopping several times a day.

Can adding spices and herbs to food reduce salt intake?

Research presented at an American Heart Association meeting shows that a behavioral intervention in adults encouraging use of herbs and spices - instead of salt - on food results in a decrease in sodium consumption, compared with adults who tried reducing sodium on their own.

Kids of authoritarian parents 'more likely to be obese'

Every parent has their own sense of what is best for raising their child. But a new study, presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014 meeting, suggests that kids whose parents are strict but not emotionally receptive are more likely to be obese, compared with kids whose parents set boundaries but are affectionate.

Diabetes, high blood pressure in middle age linked to brain damage

Past studies have linked diabetes to increased risk of cognitive decline. Now, new research suggests that people who develop diabetes and high blood pressure in middle age may be at higher risk of brain cell loss and memory and thinking problems, compared with those who do not have either condition or develop them later in life.The research team, including Rosebud O.

Older women 'twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer'

As women get older, it is well known that the risk of developing breast cancer increases. But a new report from the Alzheimer's Association finds that women in their 60s are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's disease over the rest of their lives as they are breast cancer.

Gut bacteria play a role in why dark chocolate is so good for you

While a study proclaiming the benefits of dark chocolate is hardly necessary to convince us to eat it, new research presented at a meeting of the American Chemical Society may make us feel better about eating that truffle after lunch. It seems bacteria in the stomach eat the chocolate and produce anti-inflammatory compounds that are beneficial for the heart.

Smartphone app reduces stress for anxious people

New research published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science suggests playing a science-based app on a smartphone for 25 minutes can reduce levels of anxiety in people who are stressed.

Teen gang membership can harm adult years

A new study suggests that having been a member of a teen gang means years later an adult is not only at higher risk of crime conviction and receiving illegal income, but also is less likely to have completed high school and more likely to be in poor health, receiving welfare and struggling with drug abuse.

Specific bacterial infection linked to poor pregnancy outcomes

New research published in JAMA has found that pregnant women are more susceptible to infection with the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, which may put them at increased risk of fetal loss, preterm birth and stillbirth.H. influenzae is a bacterium that can cause a number of serious illnesses, such as pneumonia, meningitis and septic arthritis.

Genetic predispositions make fans of fried food 'more likely to be obese'

For people genetically predisposed to obesity, eating fried food can have twice the effect on body mass index than it can on people with a lower genetic predisposition, a new study finds.There has been a worldwide increase in obesity over the past 30 years. This epidemic is usually believed to have been caused by modern changes in lifestyle and diet.

Archaeologists discover 3,000-year-old skeleton with metastatic cancer

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Factors involved in modern day living, such as smoking and exposure to certain chemicals, are thought to be major causes of the disease. Now, there is evidence that cancer was present in humans more than 3,000 years ago; archaeologists have discovered the world's first complete human skeleton with metastatic cancer that dates back to 1200 BC.

$1 billion a year is spent on brain scans for headache sufferers

Guidelines warn doctors against using brain scans for routine headache and migraine cases. Despite this, 12% of patients presenting with headache to a doctor are given scans, according to a study by researchers at the University of Michigan Medical School.