Medical Headlines

Weight loss: counting calories more important than 'eating little and often'

For weight loss, popular diets advocate everything from eating according to your blood type to nearly fasting for 2 days a week. Now, one popular instruction - to eat small but frequent meals throughout the day - has been called out by researchers, who say it does not boost metabolism or encourage weight loss.

Can cleaner cooking fuels and kitchen ventilation reduce lung disease?

New research published in PLOS Medicine looks at the risk of lung disease among Chinese villagers and finds that improving cooking fuels and kitchen ventilation may boost lung function and reduce chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Yesterday, Medical News Today reported on a new study by the World Health Organization (WHO), which found that, globally, 4.

New measures for curbing lifetime heart disease risk

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and the World Health Organization estimates that by 2013, over 23 million people will die each year from the condition. In an effort to lower risks, new recommendations for preventing the disease have been drawn up by 11 professional societies and charitable organizations in the UK.

Scientists find genetic cause of a rare, aggressive ovarian cancer

An international team of scientists has achieved a breakthrough by finding the genetic cause of a very rare and aggressive type of ovarian cancer that most often strikes girls and young women.The study, led by Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) a non-profit organization based in Phoenix, AZ, is published in the journal Nature Genetics.

WHO: air pollution responsible for 1 in 8 global deaths

According to a World Health Organization report released today, around 1 in 8 of total global deaths - 7 million deaths annually - are as a result of exposure to air pollution.The new data challenges previous information on air pollution.

Marijuana pills and sprays ease MS symptoms

Multiple sclerosis is characterized by disrupted communication between the brain and the body, resulting in symptoms ranging from blurred vision to muscle weakness and pain. There is no cure for the condition, and therapies have proven difficult, as many have serious side effects. But now, relief may come in the form of a medical marijuana pill.

Much of bone comprises shock-absorbing 'goo' that stops it shattering

A team of chemists from the UK has made a remarkable discovery about the structure of bone and shown that much of the mineral from which it is made comprises a viscous 'goo-like' fluid that is trapped between the crystals that form bone. They say their findings reveal new insights into bone diseases like osteoporosis.

Global burden of disability highest for low back pain

Many of us experience low back pain at some point in our lives for different reasons. And now, new research suggests this condition causes more disability worldwide than any other ailment.

E-cigarettes 'should not be marketed as smoking cessation aids'

The debate over the benefits and potential harms of e-cigarettes has raged on across the media in recent months. Now, research published in JAMA Internal Medicine finds that there is no association between e-cigarette use and reduced cigarette consumption.

Better sleep 'should be prescribed to treat metabolic disorders'

We all feel better after a good night's sleep, but increasingly, evidence is suggesting that not getting enough good-quality sleep could increase our risk of type 2 diabetes, obesity and other metabolic disorders.A new study, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, suggests that both the prevention and treatment of these disorders may benefit from addressing poor sleep.

Difficulty getting pregnant could be due to stress

Doctors already know stress is tied to increased risk of heart disease and conditions like depression, but now, new research suggests stress may be a reason women trying to conceive experience difficulty getting pregnant.The researchers, led by Dr.

How can we combat drug-resistant TB?

Coinciding with World TB Day, new consensus statements have been drafted to address the growing problem of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Uterine cancer risks decrease by 81% with bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery, or weight-loss surgery, is normally used as a last resort when all other efforts have failed for obese patients who need to lose weight for their health. And now, researchers have found that the weight loss following such surgery significantly reduces the risk of endometrial (uterine) cancer in women.

Defective gene could suggest a genetic basis for IBS

A joint team of researchers from Sweden, Italy, Greece and the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota claim to have unearthed a clue to a genetic basis for irritable bowel syndrome.Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal disorder that affects about 15-20% of the Western world. In some countries, such as Sweden, IBS is the second highest cause of work absenteeism, after common colds.

They know when you are faking it: computer recognizes mock pain

More and more, computers are showing their superiority over humans in a multitude of tasks. A new study reveals that a computer system is able to detect - with better accuracy than a human - whether our expressions of pain are genuine or phony.

Mood-stabilizing drug could reduce risk of head and neck cancer

New research suggests that a commonly used mood-stabilizing drug - valproic acid - could help reduce the risk of developing head and neck cancer.The research team, led by Dr. Johann Christoph Brandes of the Atlanta Veterans Medical Center and Emory University in Atlanta, GA, recently published their findings in the journal Cancer.

Vitamin D supplements 'do not reduce depression'

Past studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency may lead to depression. In response, other studies propose that increasing vitamin D levels with supplements may reduce depressive symptoms. But new research, published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, has found no evidence that vitamin D supplements reduce depression.The research team, led by Dr. Jonathan A.

Exercise and occasional drinking may protect against visual impairment

You stay physically active, but you are also fond of the occasional drink? Not to worry, you may be doing your eyes a favor, according to new research in the journal Ophthalmology."Visual impairment" - loss of sight caused by eye disease, trauma or a congenital or degenerative condition that cannot be corrected by glasses - is on the rise.

Why do our eyes widen in fear and narrow in disgust?

Think about the last time you were home alone and you heard a loud, unexpected noise. Chances are, your eyes widened as you listened for more information. In a new paper, researchers have detailed why this happens, as well as why our eyes narrow when something disgusts us.The researchers, led by Prof.