Medical Headlines

Feeding pets raw meat diets 'may cause severe illness'

When it comes to our pets, we want to feed them the best. Some dog and cat owners believe raw meat, rather than commercial pet food, is healthiest for their animals. But a new study published in the Journal of American Veterinary Medicine suggests this may not be the case.The study's research team, led by Dr.

Tropical plant inspires super-slippery coating for medical use

Chemical engineers have turned to exotic meat-eating plant life for inspiration in creating materials that have potential for use as a coating on medical devices.The pitcher plant - which is carnivorous by trapping and digesting animals in leaves that resemble trumpets or small pitchers - has a highly slippery surface that stops its prey from escaping.

Detailed analysis reveals real-life dangers of driver distraction

The dangers of being distracted while driving have been quantified by researchers who found that newly licensed teenagers were most likely to be involved in an accident or near-miss incident because of, for example, texting at the wheel.

Anticancer properties of novel compound 'confirmed'

A study has detailed new findings that researchers say confirm the anticancer properties of a newly discovered agent called FL118. The investigators say their findings are "promising" and open doors for further research into the compound.Their results were published in the journal Molecular Pharmaceutics.The research team, led by Dr.

Mapping emotions in the body yields consistent global results

Emotions manifest themselves as sensations in the body. While anxiety is often accompanied by a tight feeling in the chest, love may elicit a warm feeling throughout the body. But now, a new study from researchers in Finland reveals that perceptions of these sensations are consistently similar around the world, suggesting an underlying biological basis.

Alcohol, tobacco and drug use higher in mentally ill, study shows

New research from the Washington University School of Medicine has revealed that compared with the general population, alcohol, tobacco and drug use is much higher among individuals who have psychotic disorders. This is according to a study published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry.The research team, including first author Dr. Sarah M.

'Quit smoking to cut risk of impaired vision'

In a large study of Swedish men, further evidence has emerged of the smoking link to cataract development in the eye, with addiction to 15 cigarettes a day raising the risk of needing a cataract operation by 42%, compared with people who have never smoked.

Stem cell transplantation: new approach 'protects from rejection'

Many patients who undergo stem cell transplantations run the risk that their immune system may reject the donor cells. But new research from the University of California-San Diego has detailed a new approach that may help tackle this problem. This is according to a study published in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

Inflated praise is actually harmful for children with low self-esteem

When children have low self-esteem, many adults try to build them up with supportive words of encouragement. A recent study confirms this by finding that adults tend to give kids with low confidence more inflated praise. But the study also finds that these children may actually shy away from new challenges in the wake of such excessive applause.

Scientists discover how some bacteria avoid antibiotics

Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have reached a breakthrough in understanding how "persistent bacteria" withstand treatment with antibiotics.They report their work, which could pave the way for new ways to control such bacteria, in the journal Nature Communications.

Good night's sleep good for brain health

A good night's sleep may be essential to brain health, say Swedish researchers who found depriving healthy young men of a night's sleep increased blood concentrations of brain molecules to levels seen in brain damage.

Shingles rash linked to higher risk of stroke

Shingles, the nerve rash in adulthood caused by reactivation of the chickenpox virus, is an independent risk factor for stroke and other blood clot events, the largest study to confirm the association has found.

Having Medicaid leads to 40% more ER visits, say researchers

New research suggests that adults who have their medical care covered by Medicaid use emergency rooms 40% more than adults in similar situations who do not have health insurance. This is according to a study published in the journal Science.

New technique could boost corneal transplant acceptance rates

New research from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has detailed a new technique that may be able to boost patients' acceptance rates of corneal transplants. This is according to a study published in the American Journal of Transplantation.