Medical Headlines

Stem cell transplantation: new approach 'protects from rejection'

Many patients who undergo stem cell transplantations run the risk that their immune system may reject the donor cells. But new research from the University of California-San Diego has detailed a new approach that may help tackle this problem. This is according to a study published in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

Inflated praise is actually harmful for children with low self-esteem

When children have low self-esteem, many adults try to build them up with supportive words of encouragement. A recent study confirms this by finding that adults tend to give kids with low confidence more inflated praise. But the study also finds that these children may actually shy away from new challenges in the wake of such excessive applause.

Scientists discover how some bacteria avoid antibiotics

Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have reached a breakthrough in understanding how "persistent bacteria" withstand treatment with antibiotics.They report their work, which could pave the way for new ways to control such bacteria, in the journal Nature Communications.

Good night's sleep good for brain health

A good night's sleep may be essential to brain health, say Swedish researchers who found depriving healthy young men of a night's sleep increased blood concentrations of brain molecules to levels seen in brain damage.

Shingles rash linked to higher risk of stroke

Shingles, the nerve rash in adulthood caused by reactivation of the chickenpox virus, is an independent risk factor for stroke and other blood clot events, the largest study to confirm the association has found.

Having Medicaid leads to 40% more ER visits, say researchers

New research suggests that adults who have their medical care covered by Medicaid use emergency rooms 40% more than adults in similar situations who do not have health insurance. This is according to a study published in the journal Science.

New technique could boost corneal transplant acceptance rates

New research from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has detailed a new technique that may be able to boost patients' acceptance rates of corneal transplants. This is according to a study published in the American Journal of Transplantation.

High blood pressure in women 'more dangerous' than in men

High blood pressure is known as the "silent killer," as it often has no symptoms. And now, new research suggests that women with high blood pressure are at higher risk than their male counterparts of vascular disease, prompting researchers to recommend different treatments in women.

Tripling tobacco taxes 'would avoid 200 million deaths by 2025'

According to the World Health Organization, tobacco use is a cause of death for more than 5.4 million people worldwide every year. But a new review published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that by tripling the taxes on tobacco globally, 200 million tobacco deaths could be avoided by 2025.Authors of the review, including Dr.

New vaccine protects against staph-induced pneumonia

New research published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases describes how a team in the US has developed a new vaccine that protects against lethal staph-induced pneumonia.Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria causes serious infections in both hospital and community settings, write the researchers.

Heart surgeons find they can rely on less blood stock

Heart surgeons who performed aortic valve replacement operations for over 750 patients have found from analyzing data on complications that strategies to reduce the need for donor blood stocks are safe and improve outcomes.

Young adults 'damage DNA' with weekend alcohol consumption

College students are renowned for partying at the weekends, and this usually involves having a drink or two. But new research has found that this level of alcohol consumption may cause damage to DNA. This is according to a study published in the journal Alcohol.