Tracking a nation's health can be a painstaking business. But now, a team of researchers from the University of Pittsburgh have brought together and digitized all the weekly surveillance reports of diseases in the US since 1888 into one database.The researchers collated all weekly notifiable disease surveillance tables published between 1888 and 2013 - approximately 6,500 tables.
Delivering medicine directly to the affected area provides direct access to the diseased area. Nanoparticles hold promise as a delivery method but are currently only available in injectable forms. Now, researchers from MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have made a breakthrough by finding a way of delivering nanoparticles orally.
The CDC estimates that around 4-6% of children in the US suffer from food allergies. Severe food allergies can lead to anaphylaxis - a reaction that causes swelling and breathing difficulties. Although a serious condition, a new study suggests that a person is more likely to be murdered than die from a food allergy.
As the guilt of an overly indulgent weekend kicks in, the chances are that many individuals are resolving to apply more willpower when it comes to tasty treats. If only there were an implant that could trigger a satiety signal in the body so that the desire to overeat would just disappear.
Scientists have created a device that is able to detect a person's risk of infection from a drop of blood within minutes, as opposed to current methods, which can take up to 2 hours. This is according to a study published in the journal Technology.
According to the US Department of Transportation, 677 cyclists were killed in motor vehicle accidents in 2011, while 48,000 were injured. Cyclists have long been told to wear high-visibility clothing on the road so that passing vehicles can see them. But a new study suggests that regardless of clothing, drivers continue to pass dangerously close when overtaking cyclists.
If it seems as if you are surrounded by bad news, so much so that you cannot bring yourself to finish reading the paper, take heart. Apparently, reading to the end of the article may actually enable you to release yourself from the negative thought cycle and to continue your day with more upbeat spirits.
It is widely known that a lack of sunlight can sometimes cause a deficiency in vitamin D. But how does a lack of this vitamin affect athletes who train indoors, especially during the winter months? To find out, researchers in the UK studied vitamin D-deficient ballet dancers and observed whether supplementation helped.
Young women approaching puberty could reduce their risk of breast cancer if they avoid high-fat diets, researchers from Michigan State University claim.
A new report from children's charity UNICEF has revealed that more than 850,000 infants have been saved from contracting HIV since 2005 in low- and middle-income countries, and that new adolescent infections could be halved by 2020 with more focus on interventions.
A new device shows that tongue piercings can be more than just an expression of one's style. They can also help those who have lost the use of their arms and legs move. In a recent clinical trial, the device, called the Tongue Drive System, performed much better than the most widely used system.
New research from Lund University in Sweden suggests that a new aggressive strain of HIV develops more rapidly into AIDS than other current strains.From first infection with HIV to developing AIDS can be as short as 5 years - the shortest known for HIV-1 types - say the researchers.The new strain is a "recombinant" virus - a cross of two viruses that meet in an infected person.
Bone grafts could one day incorporate sea coral more extensively, thanks to a small clinical study that found refining its properties makes it more compatible and degradable than a currently used derivative.Dr.
A new animal study suggests that children of obese mothers could reduce their risk of developing negative health effects linked to obesity by exercising during childhood. This is according to a study published in the American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.
Gone are the days of teenagers being content with climbing trees and playing basketball in their free time. Nowadays, they are more likely to be found playing video games. But new research suggests that teenagers who play violent video games are more likely to cheat, experience increased aggression and have reduced self-control.
Brain cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer death in the US population. Current methods can diagnose the cancer within 2 to 3 days, but researchers say they have created a new technique in which the disease could be diagnosed in just half an hour.Brain cancer is defined as one or more cancerous tumors within the brain or central spine canal.
New research suggests that pregnant women who have pre-existing diabetes are significantly more likely to experience stillbirths or death of their infant after birth. This is according to a study published in the journal Diabetologia.
In a study involving mice, researchers have found a gene that regulates alcohol consumption. When this gene is faulty, the mice are prompted to drink excessive amounts of alcohol, suggesting a potential genetic component at play in human alcohol consumption.
Obesity prevalence is the highest it has ever been. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that more that one-third of American adults are affected. And with the increase in obesity comes an increase in the number of weight loss surgery procedures. But how safe are the procedures, and do the benefits outweigh the risks?
Using a powerful laser imaging technique, a study led by the University of Cambridge in the UK shows how tiny pieces of a protein linked with Alzheimer's Disease could be the start of a process that leads to the onset and spread of the disease. The researchers also cautiously suggest the finding offers a plausible explanation as to why head injuries are linked to Alzheimer's.