Medical Headlines

Vitamin D may prevent cognitive impairment in Parkinson's patients

Vitamin D is known to benefit our health by regulating the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body - which helps keep our bones and teeth healthy. But new research suggests that for people with Parkinson's disease, the vitamin may help prevent or delay the onset of cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms.

Finding pleasure in chores may boost self-control

Productivity can easily escape us after a tiring day at work. At times, it is easier to chill out in front of the TV and order a pizza, rather than go to the gym before cooking a healthy dinner. But new research suggests that if we can find pleasure in necessary tasks, our self-control can be boosted, regardless of how tired we feel.

Our brains 'tune' to activity like a radio

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, have found that, to allow us to concentrate, we synchronize different regions of our brains in a process that the researchers describe as "roughly akin to tuning multiple walkie-talkies to the same frequency.

Nicotine replacement in pregnancy linked to offspring obesity

It is widely known that smoking during pregnancy may cause harm to offspring. But new research from Western University in Canada suggests that women who use nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy in an attempt to quit the habit may still be putting their child at risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Young adults 'recall memories in high definition'

It is common knowledge that as we get older, our memory capacity can decrease. But new research suggests that both older and younger people have the same memory capacity - only, younger people are able to view memories in "high definition."This is according to a study recently published in the journal Attention, Perception & Psychophysics.

Ashamed after a doctor's visit? It could be due to self-contempt

Chances are when you visit your doctor, whether it is for an illness or to discuss a new diet plan, you are probably going there with the aim of feeling better. But research suggests that around 50% of us feel guilty or ashamed when we leave a doctor's appointment.

LGBT health research is under-funded, new study finds

The American Journal of Public Health has published a new report showing that only 0.5% of studies funded by the National Institutes of Health concern lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health issues.

Are Californian women being over-charged for hospital births?

A new study has examined Californian hospital bills and found that there are dramatic discrepancies in how much a woman giving birth can expect to be charged.Childbirth is the most common reason for hospitalization - in California alone more than half a million women give birth in the hospital every year.

Comedians score high on psychotic traits

Perhaps the reason comedians make us laugh is because they show high levels of psychotic traits, suggests new research from the University of Oxford in the UK.They also score high on introverted and extroverted personality traits, say the researchers.

Google unveils 'smart contact lens' to help diabetics

Keeping blood sugar levels in check is an important part of life for diabetics, but this can be a daily struggle, involving pricking their fingers and taking blood samples. Now, Google may have a solution - in the form of a "smart contact lens" that measures glucose levels in tears.

Speech uses both sides of brain

Many scientists believe we only use one side of our brain for speech and language. Now, a new study from the US shows that as far as speech is concerned, we use both sides.

Could a memory-rewriting drug help treat PTSD?

A study conducted by neuroscientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has looked at a new kind of drug that may be beneficial for people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.Nearly 8 million Americans are currently suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that some people who have been through distressing events suffer from.

High risk of poor Pap tests for female-to-male transgender patients

Before the introduction of cervical cancer screenings, the disease used to be the leading cause of cancer death for women in the US. Though it is now the 14th cause of death, new research suggests that compared with female patients, female-to-male transgender patients are much more likely to have inadequate cell samples taken during screening.The research team, led by Dr.

Patients with untreatable tuberculosis 'are spreading infection'

A new study published in The Lancet has found that patients in South Africa with untreatable tuberculosis are being discharged into the community, which, according to researchers, is contributing to the spread of the disease.Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Heavy drinking in middle age may speed men's mental decline

Research led by University College London in the UK suggests men who drink heavily in middle age experience a faster rate of mental decline, compared with men who consume light to moderate amounts of alcohol.The researchers defined heavy drinking in men as consuming 36 g of alcohol or more per day.

Independent working may reduce adult autism symptoms

More independent work environments may reduce symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and improve daily quality of life for adults with the condition. This is according to a study recently published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Brain can classify images seen for only 13 milliseconds

Computer processing speeds seem to exponentially increase every year. But a new study suggests that the original computer, the human brain, can process images the eyes see for only 13 milliseconds - a speed much faster than previously thought.

Sit less, move more to improve health and quality of life

Research from Kansas State University shows that people who spend less time sitting and more time physically active have a lower risk for chronic diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, breast cancer, colon cancer and others.

How long does postpartum depression really last?

A new, comprehensive review of clinical studies examining postpartum depression has shown that although symptoms of postpartum depression in most women recede over time, for a large number of women, depression remains a long-term problem.