Scientists in Australia suggest learning to walk upright may have helped humans develop a more complex brain than other species by freeing up the cortex from routine tasks.
A new study assesses the impact of moderate exercise on older adults at high risk of walking disability, and finds that it may reduce such risk by 28% and increase mobility by 18%.
Researchers have observed differences in cerebral blood flow during puberty between boys and girls, suggesting there are sex-specific susceptibilities to anxiety and schizophrenia.
As the State of California consider a public-backed bill to add health warnings to sugary drinks, medical experts wonder if popular opinion is driving tougher policies on sugar.
Study that followed individuals for more than 60 years suggests losing weight at any age in adulthood can result in long-term benefits for cardiovascular health.
Contrary to recent research suggesting that e-cigarettes help individuals quit tobacco smoking, a new article claims there is insufficient evidence to suggest this is the case.
Drug-resistant epilepsy often requires surgery. Now, a new preventative treatment has been developed that may only require the patient to take a pill at times of seizure risk.
New study shows the visual cortex processes sound as well as vision. The researchers suggest auditory input enables it to make predictions, thereby conferring a survival advantage.
An area's poverty or wealth is likely to influence development of certain cancers over others, according to a new study from the New York Cancer State Registry.
The human mouth is a complex habitat for hundreds of microbes. Drugs tackling these bacteria are prone to side effects, so scientists are now investigating natural remedies.
A low-carbohydrate vegan diet - referred to as 'Eco-Atkins' - may reduce the risk of heart disease by 10% over a 10-year period, according to new research.
A new study has found a link between a form of vitamin E - called gamma-tocopherol - found in canola, soybean and corn oil and the rising incidence of lung inflammation and asthma.
Compared with non-pregnant women, pregnant women rate music as more pleasant and unpleasant, and show greater changes in blood pressure while listening to music.
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder suggest that people are more likely to choose partners with similar DNA - a process they call 'genetic assortative mating.'
Why some youth cultures are more prone to self-harm and attempted suicides than others is investigated in a new study by researchers from the UK and Germany.
Research led by Imperial College London in the UK suggests that, contrary to popular belief, the 'paleolithic diet' - high in plant-based foods - does not suppress appetite.
Researchers from the University of Otago in New Zealand challenge previous studies that have suggested an association between drinking fluoridated water and reduced IQ.
Evidence suggests that a transporter protein that can be harmful when produced in the liver may be effective at delaying Alzheimer's symptoms when it is produced in the brain.
Scientists have identified a small molecule that stops bacteria - including antibiotic-resistant types or superbugs - from forming biofilms, a frequent cause of infections.
Scientists have identified an antigen - PfSEA-1 - that stops a malaria parasite from leaving a red blood cell and entering another, making it a potential malaria vaccine candidate.