Figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that each day, around 1,000 US teenagers under the age of 18 become daily cigarette smokers. Now, new research estimates that almost 600 children under the age of 16 begin smoking every day in the UK. This is according to a study published in the journal Thorax.
New research suggests that a component found in grape seed extract is effective in killing prostate cancer cells. This is according to a study published in the journal Nutrition and Cancer.Investigators from the University of Colorado Cancer Center have analyzed the potential of grape seed extract (GSE) for its anti-cancer properties over the last 10 years.
It is common knowledge that our pupils adjust in size when exposed to light or dark enviornments. But new research published in the journal Psychological Science suggests that the size of our pupils also changes when we imagine these surroundings, even when our eyes are not directly exposed to light and dark.
According to the National Kidney Foundation, around 96,645 patients in the US are awaiting kidney transplants as a result of kidney failure. However, less than 17,000 kidney transplantations are carried out each year due to a shortage of donors. But a new option could soon be available - in the form of pig kidneys.
There is big money to be made from advertising, and sex sells. But if women are the target, the advert must be classy, sophisticated and valued highly, according to a new study.Researchers from the University of Minnesota claim that women are often put off by adverts with sexual imagery, but they can be charmed into changing their minds if the advertised item is pricey enough.
Researchers have discovered that men who have a specific protein present in prostate tissue biopsies may be at increased risk of developing prostate cancer. This is according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.The American Cancer Society estimates that around 238,590 new cases of prostate cancer will have been diagnosed in the US throughout 2013.
New research from the UK has shown that compression stockings are just as effective at treating venous leg ulcers as four-layer traditional bandages, promising cost savings for the National Health Service.
The measles vaccine was introduced in the US 50 years ago, and now a panel from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has said the elimination of measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome has endured through 2011. However, the organization warns that measles still poses a threat, citing a 2013 spike in cases.
A team of chemists from the US and Germany has mapped a molecular mechanism that underpins the formation of cataracts - the world's leading cause of blindness, affecting nearly 20 million people.The scientists hope their groundbreaking discovery will lead to treatments that could help prevent the condition.
A new Harvard analysis of the best evidence available on the price differences between the healthiest and unhealthiest diets finds that on average, individuals need to spend about $1.50 more per day, or around $550 a year, to keep to the healthiest diets.
Researchers have created a new test that uses sugar and gold nanoparticles to detect the influenza virus within 30 minutes, and it can even distinguish between human and avian strains. This is according to a study published in the journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry.The research team, led by Prof. Robert Field of the John Innes Centre and Prof.
Researchers from the University of Houston in Texas believe they are a step closer to understanding how memories form, which could ultimately provide better treatments to improve memory in people of all ages.The findings, published in Current Biology, promise a more complete understanding of how memories form, both at the molecular level and through neural circuit activity.
Low vitamin D levels are a consequence of ill health, not a cause, say researchers from Lyon, France. This casts strong doubts on the benefit of vitamin D supplements as a preventative measure against disease.Lack of vitamin D has been linked to an array of medical conditions, from anemia, depression and pain, to brain damage.
A new study suggests targeting HIV with radioimmunotherapy could eradicate HIV from infected cells. If given in conjunction with highly active antiretroviral therapy, it may form the basis of a cure.
Allergies are traditionally associated with spring and summer, when high pollen counts fill the air and leave hay fever sufferers sneezing and scratching at sore eyes. But winter brings its own allergens, with dust mites and mold spores spelling misery for a whole new batch of sufferers.Allergic reactions occur when the immune system responds to the presence of a foreign substance.
The blood-brain barrier protects the brain from harmful chemicals in the blood, but it also blocks drugs from reaching it. However, researchers have suggested that omega-3 fatty acid supplements can cross this barrier in Alzheimer's patients, influencing markers for the disease and inflammation.
A new analysis suggests that the number of people worldwide living with dementia is set to treble by 2050. Alzheimer's Disease International, a federation of Alzheimer associations, reveals their findings in a policy briefing on the global impact of dementia ahead of the first G8 Dementia Summit set to take place in the UK on December 11th.
A vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis in some parts of the world has been found to help prevent multiple sclerosis in people demonstrating early signs of the disease, according to a report published in Neurology.Multiple sclerosis (MS) is notoriously difficult to diagnose, and many physicians rule out every other possibility before confirming the diagnosis.
Type 2 diabetes has long been linked to higher risk of depression in women, and previous research has associated both of these conditions with pain. But a new study suggests that vitamin D supplementation can reduce both depression and pain in women with type 2 diabetes.
Regular mammograms are crucial in helping to prevent deaths as a result of breast cancer. But new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania suggests that 3D mammography is significantly more effective for breast cancer detection and leads to fewer patient recalls.