Medical Headlines

Atherosclerosis may be predicted by high blood pressure in early adulthood

According to a new study published in JAMA, people who have escalating levels of high blood pressure over a 25-year period beginning in early adulthood are more likely to develop atherosclerosis and associated heart problems in later life.Atherosclerosis is when plaque - made up of fat, cholesterol and calcium, among other things - builds up inside a person's arteries.

High added sugar intake 'increases CVD mortality'

New research recently published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that individuals who consume high amounts of added sugar in their diet may be at increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease.According to the Harvard School of Public Health, the average American consumes around 22 teaspoons of added sugar a day - the equivalent to an extra 350 calories.

Toddlers suffer 10 times as many burns and scalds as older children

According to new research in the UK, 1-year-old children receive 10 times the amount of burns and scalds as their older siblings. The authors of the new study, which is published in Archives of Diseases in Childhood, say that half of all burns and scalds cases seen in European hospitals are made up of injuries to children.

'Mammograms every 2 years, not annually,' suggest scientists

In 2009, the US Preventive Services Task Force created guidelines recommending biennial mammography screening for women between the ages of 50 and 74. And now, scientists suggest that following this guideline would be equally effective and save the US health care system $4.3 billion a year.The researchers, led by Dr. Laura J.

Scientists find new brain area for anxiety

Researchers have discovered that an area of the brain that was previously assumed to dampen response to stress, in fact does the opposite and directly promotes anxiety. In reporting their findings in the journal Cell, the investigators add a new dimension to the science of anxiety.

WHO: cancer growing at 'alarming pace'

A new report from the World Health Organization's cancer agency reveals that cancer rates are growing at an "alarming pace" around the world and urges stronger efforts on prevention measures to curb the disease.

Low-level pesticide exposure linked to Parkinson's disease

According to the Parkinson's disease foundation, more than 1 million Americans have the disease. Now, new research suggests that exposure to pesticides may increase the risk of the disease and that individuals with specific gene variants may be more susceptible. This is according to a study recently published in the journal Neurology.

Hot weather deaths in UK 'will increase by over 250% by 2050'

The UK is renowned for its changeable weather. Now, experts have warned that the annual number of deaths related to hot weather in the UK is expected to increase by up to 257% over the next 40 years. This is according to a study recently published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

CDC announce 2014 adult immunization schedule

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has announced its recommended adult immunization schedule for 2014. Each year, the committee reviews the schedule, ensuring that current clinical recommendations are appropriately reflected.

Probe detects staph infection faster, more cheaply

Currently, to test if patients are infected with Staphylococcus bacteria, commonly known as staph, doctors have to take a biopsy and send it for analysis. Now, researchers from the University of Iowa have developed an ingenious noninvasive chemical probe that can detect the presence of a common species of staph in less than an hour.

Immune system kills spontaneous blood cancer cells every day

A new study from Australia suggests B cells, a type of white blood cell, undergo spontaneous changes that could lead to cancer if the immune system does not carry out regular checks and kill them before they form tumors.In the journal Nature Medicine, Dr.

HPV vaccine 'does not lead to risky sexual behavior in teens'

Some parents might worry that the human papillomavirus vaccine could lead to more sex or more unsafe sex in teenagers and young people. However, a new study conducted by the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in Ohio and published in the Pediatrics journal finds that these concerns are unwarranted.

Vitamin C and E supplements may hinder athletes' training

With the 2014 Winter Olympics just around the corner, hundreds of athletes are in training for one of the most important competitions of their lives. But according to new research, they should stay away from vitamin C and E supplements if they want to do well. A study has found that these supplements may hinder endurance training.Vitamins C and E are antioxidants.

Skin with blood and lymphatic capillaries grown for the first time

According to the American Burn Association, around 450,000 people in the US needed medical treatment for burn injuries in 2012. Much of this treatment was in the form of skin grafts, which can still leave the patient with scars. Now, scientists have grown full-thickness skin containing blood and lymphatic capillaries for the first time, which they say could reduce scarring.

How the brain recognizes speech sounds is revealed

Researchers at the University of California San Francisco show in a new study - published in the journal Science - that the shaping of sound by our mouths leaves "an acoustic trail" that the brain follows.Scientists have known for some time that it is the superior temporal gyrus (STG; also known as "Wernike's area") where speech sounds are interpreted.

Having a baby after fertility problems 'strengthens relationship'

For most couples, going through fertility problems can put a strain on the relationship. But new research suggests that women who have a baby after experiencing fertility issues are more likely to stay in a relationship with their partner. This is according to a study published in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

Agent Orange exposure increases skin cancer risk in Vietnam veterans

The Vietnam War ended in 1975, but - even 4 decades later - high rates of non-melanoma invasive skin cancer are reported in Vietnam veterans exposed to the controversial herbicide Agent Orange, according to a new study published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Concussion risk for football players 'dependent on helmet type'

Football helmets are designed to reduce the risk of serious head injuries during play. But new research has found that the risk of suffering concussion after a head injury may be dependent on what type of helmet is worn. This is according to a study published in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

Emotional impact of nightmares 'rarely due to fear,' study shows

Many of us have woken up in a sweat in the middle of the night as a result of a nightmare. And those are the dreams that tend to stick with us. Now, new research suggests that nightmares are more likely to impact us emotionally through feelings of sadness, confusion and guilt, rather than fear.This is according to a study recently published in the journal Sleep.

New cream with silver nanoparticles could block HIV transmission

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.1 million people in the US are infected with human immunodeficiency virus. But new research has detailed the creation of a cream that has proved effective against transmission of the infection in laboratory tests.