According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.1 million people in the US are infected with human immunodeficiency virus. But new research has detailed the creation of a cream that has proved effective against transmission of the infection in laboratory tests.
Hemp is a crop full of oils with potential health benefits, according to a new study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.A derivative of cannabis (marijuana), hemp has been used for millennia in textiles, medicine and food, by people all over the world.
One of the first things HIV does when it first enters the body is mess up the gut. Now, the open access journal PLOS Pathogens reports the first 3D ultra-structural study of the human immunodeficiency virus in a live host.The human gut has the highest concentration of HIV target immune cells, most of which the virus destroys within days of infection.
Numerous studies have shown that antioxidants may halt cancer progression. But a new study from researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden has found that antioxidants may actually speed up the progression of lung cancer.The findings are published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
While the physical evidence of secondhand smoke can be seen wafting through the air, thirdhand smoke is a more clandestine health threat. The invisible remnant of tobacco smoke that clings to surfaces and even dust, thirdhand smoke is linked to several adverse health effects in a new study published in PLOS ONE.
Tissue that is typically discarded in routine hip replacement operations may offer a rich untapped source of stem cells that could be banked for later use in regenerative medicine, where patients' own cells are used to treat disease or repair failing organs.
A large study shows that alcohol - and, in particular, vodka - is responsible for Russia's high and sharply fluctuating death rates. Russia currently has an abnormally high early death rate in men - 25% of all Russian men will die before the age of 55.One of the authors of the new study, Prof.
Researchers from Emory University in Atlanta, GA, conducted a study that suggests children who are overweight or obese by kindergarten are four times more likely to be obese in eighth grade, compared with their normal-weight counterparts. Focusing obesity-prevention efforts on younger children may be important, the team says.Led by Solveig A.
Researchers in Sweden report a link between incidence of metabolic syndrome in adults and the kind of breakfasts those adults ate as children.There is a lot of evidence that breakfast really is "the most important meal of the day.
A new study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, has found that adults who have slow reaction times have a higher risk of an early death.Reaction time was studied because it reflects how well the central nervous system is working. It also reflects basic mental skills, such as how quickly a person is able to process information.
With the caveat that this should not be tried at home, researchers conducting a study in children with peanut allergies found that the participants could build up a tolerance by consuming increasingly larger amounts of peanut protein on a regular basis.The technique, called oral immunotherapy (OIT), was used as part of the STOP II trial, results of which are published in The Lancet.
There is no doubt that our bodies need vitamin D. It helps regulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in our bones, helps our cells to communicate with each other, and helps strengthen our immune system. But can vitamin D supplementation really offer additional health benefits?Previous research suggests it can.
If you get scared when you go skydiving, perhaps a good way to cope is to team up with someone who feels the same. A new study suggests sharing your feelings of stress with someone having a similar emotional reaction to the same situation reduces levels of stress more than sharing them with someone who is not.
In 1953, Henry Gustav Molaison of Hartford, CT, was 27. After undergoing a brain operation to correct seizures - which involved the removal of his hippocampus and surrounding tissue - he was left unable to form new memories, although his personality, language and intellectual ability remained intact. "Patient H.M.
New research suggests that older women who have both high estrogen levels and diabetes have a significantly higher risk of dementia, compared with older women who do not have these combined conditions. This is according to a study published online in Neurology.
A new study, published in the American Association for Cancer Research's journal Cancer Prevention Research, challenges the current recommendations for management of a type of breast tissue abnormality.
New research analyzing the prevalence of indoor tanning has revealed the activity is very common in Western countries, particularly among young people. Because the use of tanning beds has been associated with a higher risk of skin cancers, researchers say its popularity is a public health risk.Indoor tanning exposes the user to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, in collaboration with researchers from Japan, have discovered a way of changing adult stem cells back to their original embryonic state by exposing them to low oxygen and acidic environments. This is according to a study recently published in the journal Nature.The research team, including senior author Dr.
New research suggests that patients with adrenal tumors that secrete a hormone called cortisol are at higher risk of suffering cardiovascular events and increased mortality. Investigators say their findings may lead to better clinical management of patients with these tumors.This is according to a new study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
According to the American Hair Loss Association, two-thirds of men will experience hair loss by the age of 35. But women are also affected, making up 40% of all hair loss sufferers. Affecting self-image and emotional well-being, the condition has been a difficult one to treat. But a new study brings hope - in the form of human hair-follicle-generating stem cells.