Medical Headlines

How can diagnosis for endometriosis be improved?

"Let's start with the gynecologists," begins Linda Griffith. "Many of them trained in a day when the classic endocrinology and gynecology textbooks described endometriosis as follows: 'The typical endometriosis patient is a nulliparous white woman in her 30s who is well-educated and tends to be highly anxious.

First device to prevent migraine headaches wins FDA approval

The US Food and Drug Administration has given its first approval for the marketing of a device for preventing migraine headaches. The federal agency says the device, which comes in the form of a headband that delivers a nerve-stimulating low electrical current, may bring relief to patients who cannot tolerate current migraine drugs.

Unmarried women 'more likely to die from heart disease'

It seems unlikely that marital status could influence the risk of death from heart disease, but new research from the University of Oxford in the UK has found that unmarried women are more likely to die from heart disease than women who are married.This is according to a study recently published in the journal BMC Medicine.

Researchers discover two new genetic regions for bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is characterized by dramatic changes in mood, energy and activity levels that impact a person's ability to carry out everyday tasks. The exact cause of the condition is unknown. But now, researchers are one step closer to finding out with the discovery of two new genetic regions that are connected to the disease.

Whole genome sequencing 'not ready for widespread clinical use'

Both the technical barriers associated with human DNA sequencing and the costs involved have been decreasing for some time. A new study investigates the benefits and drawbacks of whole genome sequencing in clinical applications.The first sequencing of a human genome began in 1990 and was completed in 2003 at a cost of $2.7 billion.

Children in the UK are eating too much salt, new study finds

According to a study in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, children in the UK are consuming too much salt, with much of it coming from breads and cereals.Eating too much salt is one of the main factors behind high blood pressure, which in turn increases risk for heart disease and stroke.

Teen girls: obesity linked to lower academic performance

Obesity carries with it many health risks, such as cardiovascular disease, prediabetes and many types of cancer. But now, a new study has found a link between obesity in adolescent girls and lower academic levels throughout their teens.

Doctors face uncertainty when ordering and interpreting lab tests

For doctors to effectively diagnose patients, the use of clinical laboratory tests can be essential. But new research recently published in The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine finds that doctors often face uncertainty in ordering and interpreting clinical laboratory tests.The research team, including Dr.

New clue may explain link between traffic pollution and heart risks

For the first time, a study suggests that being exposed to high levels of traffic pollution is linked to changes in the mass and size of the right chamber of the heart. The researchers believe this may contribute to the known connection between air pollution exposure and heart disease.Lead author Dr.

Smartphones to diagnose diseases in real time

A team from the US is developing a disease diagnostic system based on nanotechnology that will only require a smartphone and a $20 lens attachment to read results. While there are still some challenges to overcome, they are hopeful the end result will be an affordable diagnostic tool that can be used in the field.

Cyberbullying 'causes suicidal thoughts in kids more than traditional bullying'

Cyberbullying is more strongly related to suicidal thoughts in children and adolescents than traditional bullying, according to a new analysis published in JAMA Pediatrics.Some estimates suggest that - depending on the country of origin - between 5% and 20% of children are victims of physical, verbal or exclusion-based bullying.

Being overweight or obese 'a risk factor' for ovarian cancer

Body weight is not a factor that has been widely associated with the the risk of developing ovarian cancer. But new research suggests that women who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop the disease, compared with women of a healthy weight.

Girls born underweight 'more likely to be infertile adults'

Researchers have found that girls who are born unexpectedly small or underweight are twice as likely to have fertility issues in adulthood than those born at a normal size. This is according to a study published in the journal BMJ Open.

Leukemia gene mutation linked to new childhood growth disorder

New research led by the Institute of Cancer Research in the UK has discovered that a gene mutation associated with leukemia may be the cause of a newly described condition that affects the growth and intellectual development of children.This is according to a study recently published in the journal Nature Genetics.

Birth control 'does not result in more promiscuous women'

Critics of free birth control programs have previously suggested that giving women free contraception will encourage them to engage in more risky sexual behavior. But a new study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology finds that this is not the case.The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Protein synthesis studied in stem cells for the first time

A new breakthrough in stem cell research has occurred, thanks to scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. The researchers claim that protein synthesis - an essential biological process - can be studied in adult stem cells. This is something that scientists have been previously unable to accomplish.

Serious diarrheal infection in kids linked to antibiotics

A new study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds that most cases of the severe - and potentially fatal - diarrhea illness in children caused by Clostridium difficile infection picked up outside of the hospital occur among those who have recently taken prescribed antibiotics.

New blood test predicts Alzheimer's, dementia

Researchers have developed a new blood test that can predict with 90% accuracy whether a healthy person will develop Alzheimer's or cognitive decline within 3 years. They report how they identified and validated the 10 biomarkers that form the basis of the test in a study published in Nature Medicine.Study leader Howard J.

Where does 'hidden fat' come from?

It is now common knowledge that having too much fat is bad for you, but less well known is the serious threat posed by the "hidden fat" that surrounds our vital organs. New research published in the journal Nature Cell Biology claims to have discovered where this hidden, or "visceral fat," comes from.Visceral fat and subcutaneous fat are the two main types of fat in the body.