Mutations found in the tumor suppressor gene TP53 in 90 percent of osteosarcomas, by the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, suggesting the alteration plays a key role early in development of the bone cancer. The research was published online ahead of print in the journal Cell Reports.
In boys, higher screen time was adversely associated with bone mineral density (BMD) at all sites even when adjusted for specific lifestyle factors, according to results of a study presented at the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.
For the first time, researchers have been able to demonstrate that the use of helium ions in radiation therapy could provide accurate treatment to tumours while helping to spare healthy organs.
Roughly 1,500 children are fatally injured each year in association with child abuse and 150,000 are permanently disabled. Child abuse is a leading cause of fatality in children 0-4 years of age. Many serious injuries and fatalities could be prevented if it was possible to distinguish between injuries associated with abuse and those caused by accidents.
High levels of protein intake (HProt) enhance the positive impact of high physical activity (HPA) on bone structure and strength in healthy pre-pubertal boys, according to a study presented during the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases in Seville.
According to Dr. Carmit Katz of Tel Aviv University's Bob Shapell School of Social Work, illustrations by children can be a critical tool in forensic investigations of child abuse. Is a picture worth only a thousand words? Dr.
According to the latest estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one third of kids and adolescents in the US are overweight or obese. And now, researchers looking at total lifetime medical costs have estimated that, per head, childhood obesity costs $19,000 more than lifetime costs for normal weight children.
Caucasian male children have the highest prevalence among four major ethnicities, with 1 in 20 testing color blind, according to the first major study of color blindness in a multi-ethnic group of preschoolers.
New nanoscale imaging approaches being used by researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI to shed light on the dynamic activities of rotaviruses, important pathogens that cause life-threatening diarrhea in young children. Once a rotavirus enters a host cell, it sheds its outermost protein layer, leaving behind a double-layered particle (DLP).
Fitting children with mild to severe hearing loss (HL) with hearing aids (HAs) appears to be associated with better speech and language development. Poor communication skills at the end of the preschool years can affect social, academic and work success later in life. Hearing loss in childhood is a contributor to poor speech and language development.
Newfound evidence indicates another risk factor for young adults consuming energy drinks. A research team representing six American universities found that the frequency of energy drink use is associated with increased odds of illicit prescription stimulant medication use.
BASHH and Brook launch a new child sexual exploitation (CSE) proforma, Spotting the Signs, to help health professionals across the UK identify young people attending sexual health services who may be at risk of or experiencing sexual exploitation.
Eyedrops administered to infants as part of routine outpatient retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening can have life-threatening consequences. A case report published in the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) describes cardiopulmonary arrest in a 27-week-old infant following administration of three sets of cyclopentolate 0.
According to new research from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol, men who started smoking regularly before the age of 11 had sons who, on average, had 5-10kg more body fat than their peers by the time they were in their teens.
In a study of 65 cereals in 10 different grocery stores, Cornell researchers found that cereals marketed to kids are placed half as high on supermarket shelves as adult cereals - the average height for children's cereal boxes is 23 inches verses 48 inches for adult cereal.
Infants are exposed to high levels of chemical emissions from crib mattresses while they sleep according to a first-of-its-kind study by a team of environmental engineers from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin.
Obese children are slower than healthy-weight children to recognize when they have made an error and correct it, a new University of Illinois study finds. The research is the first to show that weight status not only affects how quickly children react to stimuli but also impacts the level of activity that occurs in the cerebral cortex during action monitoring.
The safety of e-cigarettes has caused much debate in recent months. Now, a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reveals that the number of phone calls to poison centers involving e-cigarette liquids containing nicotine has dramatically increased, from one call per month in 2010 to 215 calls per month in 2014.
A new study provides evidence of what many moms and dads already know - that babies respond in a measurable way to soft and gentle caressing, or what scientists call "pleasant touch," and that this helps cement bonds between infants and parents to ensure their healthy development.
Until recently, treatment for adolescent obesity and associated health problems has focused mostly on diet modifications and aerobic exercise such as walking or swimming.But a recent research study appearing this month in Pediatrics by Paul M. Gordon, Ph.D.