A staged approach to epilepsy surgery - with invasive brain monitoring followed by surgery in a single hospital stay - is a safe and beneficial approach to treatment for complex cases of epilepsy in children, reports the February issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
The World Health Organization estimates that 15 million babies are born premature every year, which means they are born before 37 weeks. But new research suggests that risks are higher than previously thought for preterm babies to develop childhood asthma, compared with their full-term counterparts.
An increasing number of children suffer from the consequences of maternal drug exposure during pregnancy, and Cannabis is one of the most frequently used substances.
The first baby was born using in vitro fertilization in 1981. From then until 2003, more than 1 million babies were born using the treatment, and this increased to 2 million by 2005. Now, a new analysis published in the BMJ suggests that in vitro fertilization may be overused, and the risks of the treatment could possibly outweigh the benefits.
Spinal muscle atrophy (SMA) is a devastating disease that is characterized by loss of motor neuron function and subsequent muscle weakness and atrophy. The disease results from deletion of survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) and SMN protein deficiency.
Although infants use their memories to learn new information, few adults can remember events in their lives that happened prior to the age of three. Psychologists at Emory University have now documented that age seven is when these earliest memories tend to fade into oblivion, a phenomenon known as "childhood amnesia.
A landmark study across many cancer types reveals that the universe of cancer mutations is much bigger than previously thought. By analyzing the genomes of thousands of patients' tumors, a Broad Institute-led research team has discovered many new cancer genes - expanding the list of known genes tied to these cancers by 25 percent.
A recent study shows that many internists feel ill-equipped to care for adult patients who are childhood cancer survivors. Eugene Suh, MD, assistant professor in the division of Pediatric Hematology & Oncology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, was first author of the study that was conducted the University of Chicago with Tara Henderson, MD, MPH.
They are one of the cleanest environments in a hospital, but neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) still contain microbes, according to a study published in the open access journal Microbiome. The authors of this pilot study speculate that these non-pathogenic microbes then go on to populate the guts of premature babies, who do not have gut microflora due to antibiotic treatment.
Infants and children who undergo heart transplantation are experiencing good outcomes after surgery and may expect to live beyond 15 years post-surgery with reasonable cardiac function and quality of life, according to a study released at the 50th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
Infants born prematurely are at elevated risk for cognitive, motor, and behavioral deficits - the severity of which was, until recently, almost impossible to accurately predict in the neonatal period with conventional brain imaging technology.
Research led by investigators from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health suggests that women who have a vitamin D deficiency in the first 26 weeks of pregnancy are more likely to develop severe preeclampsia. This is according to a study recently published in the journal Epidemiology.
What is believed to be the first quality improvement initiative focusing exclusively on asthmatic teenagers - conducted by researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in Ohio - has reported significant improvements in asthma outcomes.
New research suggests that around 20 children in the US are hospitalized every day after being injured by firearms, and approximately 6% of these children die from their injuries. This is according to a study published online in the journal Pediatrics.The research team, led by Dr.
Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have successfully carried out what is believed to be the first initiative conducted exclusively among teenagers to show significant improvement in their asthma outcomes.The quality improvement initiative, conducted in a primary care setting, dramatically improved asthma control and outcomes for high-risk adolescents.
Scientists have mapped the genetic changes that drive tumors in rhabdomyosarcoma, a pediatric soft-tissue cancer, and found that the disease is characterized by two distinct genotypes. The genetic alterations identified in this malignancy could be useful in developing targeted diagnostic tools and treatments for children with the disease.
A new study has found that a form of music therapy, which involves writing song lyrics and producing videos, is beneficial in helping young cancer patients develop coping skills.Being diagnosed with and undergoing treatment for cancer can be a very traumatic experience, especially for young people.
The offspring of obese mothers consuming a high-fat diet during pregnancy are at a higher risk than the children of thin mothers for lifelong obesity, and related metabolic disorders. The molecular and cellular basis for these differences are clarified in a new study published in the recent issue of Cell by researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the University of Cologne.
When we wake up in the morning, many of us reach for a coffee to kick-start our day. According to the International Coffee Organization, approximately 1.6 billion cups of coffee are consumed worldwide every day.
Spanish researchers have analysed the impact of the Lorca catastrophe by the percentage of minors suffering post-traumatic stress. Results reveal that 55% of young people displayed this disorder a month on from the earthquake and 40% were still suffering a year later.On 11 May 2011, Lorca suffered an earthquake measuring 5.1, preceded by another of 4.