Kids' Health News

Emotional support buffers the biological toll of racial discrimination in young African-Americans

African American youth who report experiencing frequent discrimination during adolescence are at risk for developing heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke in later years, according to a new study.The study also found that emotional support from parents and peers can protect African American youth from stress-related damage to their bodies and health.

Tie between toddlers' shyness, language abilities reflects reticence to respond

Previous research has suggested that shy children have difficulties with language. Now, a new longitudinal study paints a more nuanced picture. The study, of 816 toddlers, found that children who are inhibited in their behavior tend to speak less but understand what's being said as well as less shy peers.

Management of paediatric trauma in England and Wales

The first national report on the nature and outcome of trauma management for children in England and Wales has been produced by TARNLET, the paediatric (0 - 15 years) component of the Trauma Audit and Research Network, The University of Manchester.Every year across England and Wales, 10,000 people die after injury and trauma is the leading cause of death amongst children.

Prescribing antipsychotics for children and adolescents

Increasing numbers of children and adolescents are being given antipsychotic drugs in Germany, as Christian Bachmann and colleagues found out in a study published in the current issue of Deutsches Arzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2014; 111(3): 25 - 40).

Infants recognize plants as a food source

Infants as young as six months old tend to expect that plants are food sources, but only after an adult shows them that the food is safe to eat, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

'Bubble CPAP' boosts neonatal survival rates

The first clinical study of a low-cost neonatal breathing system created by Rice University bioengineering students demonstrated that the device increased the survival rate of newborns with severe respiratory illness from 44 percent to 71 percent.

Thirdhand smoke linked to liver, lung and skin problems

While the physical evidence of secondhand smoke can be seen wafting through the air, thirdhand smoke is a more clandestine health threat. The invisible remnant of tobacco smoke that clings to surfaces and even dust, thirdhand smoke is linked to several adverse health effects in a new study published in PLOS ONE.

More evidence that childhood trauma can lead to psychosis

A review of 125 research studies in the last ten years strongly supports the hypothesis that early trauma in childhood (including abuse and neglect) can effect brain development in ways that increase the probability of developing psychosis later in life.

Obesity-prevention efforts should focus on children who are overweight by five-years-old

A recent study by researchers from Emory's Rollins School of Public Health suggests that development of new childhood obesity cases, or incidence, is largely established by kindergarten. The study showed that overweight kindergarteners were four times as likely as normal-weight children to become obese by the 8th grade.Led by Solveig A.

Obesity starts in kindergarten, study suggests

Researchers from Emory University in Atlanta, GA, conducted a study that suggests children who are overweight or obese by kindergarten are four times more likely to be obese in eighth grade, compared with their normal-weight counterparts. Focusing obesity-prevention efforts on younger children may be important, the team says.Led by Solveig A.

Exposure to peanuts builds immunity in allergic children

With the caveat that this should not be tried at home, researchers conducting a study in children with peanut allergies found that the participants could build up a tolerance by consuming increasingly larger amounts of peanut protein on a regular basis.The technique, called oral immunotherapy (OIT), was used as part of the STOP II trial, results of which are published in The Lancet.