Young girls with mental illness are three times more likely to become teenage parents than those without a major mental illness, according to a first-of-its-kind study by researchers at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and Women's College Hospital.
Researchers have found that preterm infants are more likely to have elevated insulin levels at birth and in early childhood compared to full-term infants, findings that provide additional evidence that preterm birth may be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, according to a study in JAMA.
From 2009-2012, 36 bills introduced in 18 states sought to modify school immunization mandates, with the majority seeking to expand exemptions although none of the bills passed, according to a study in JAMA.
New research recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine details the discovery of an immune signature that may predict whether patients who have been newly diagnosed with influenza are likely to develop severe symptoms and experience poor outcomes.The research team, led by Investigators from St.
Elementary school lesson plans focused on healthy eating and physical activity delivered by older children to younger students appear effective at reducing waist size and improving knowledge of healthy living behaviors, according to a study by Robert G. Santos, Ph.D., of the Healthy Child Manitoba Office and the University of Manitoba, Canada, and colleagues.
Children with cancer are being denied new, potentially life-saving drugs, because EU rules are allowing companies to trial some drugs only in adults, leading cancer experts warn.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration published an interim final rule to further safeguard the health of infants fed infant formula in the United States. The rule, which sets standards for manufacturers to produce safe infant formula that supports healthy growth, is accompanied by two draft guidance documents for industry.
The current standard of care treatment for chlamydia sometimes fails to eradicate the disease, according to a review published ahead of print in Infection and Immunity, and the culprit may be in the gut.Chlamydia trachomatis not only infects the reproductive tract, but abides persistently - though benignly - in the gastrointestinal tract.
A genetic disorder that affects about 1 in every 2,500 births can cause a bewildering array of clinical problems, including brain tumors, impaired vision, learning disabilities, behavioral problems, heart defects and bone deformities. The symptoms and their severity vary among patients affected by this condition, known as neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1).
The debate on whether video games influence behavior in real life has raged on for some time. Now, a new study involving college students demonstrates that playing a villain in a virtual environment encourages individuals to punish anonymous strangers.Results of the study were published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
The linguistic benefits of talking to babies has been well documented, as their brains rapidly develop, allowing them to make millions of new connections. Now, researchers looking at the effects of adult speech on preterm infants have found that increased adult speech during the early weeks of life is associated with better cognitive scores later.
New research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finds that although overall caffeine intake has not increased among children and adolescents in recent years, more children are consuming caffeine from diverse sources, including coffee and energy drinks.The research team, including Amy M.
Vanderbilt University scientists have contributed to a major finding, reported in the journal Nature, which could lead to the first effective vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a significant cause of infant mortality.The Vanderbilt scientists and others analyzed in an animal model a new method developed at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) in La Jolla, Calif.
A cure for type 1 diabetes has long eluded even the top experts. Not because they do not know what must be done - but because the tools did not exist to do it. But now scientists at the Gladstone Institutes, harnessing the power of regenerative medicine, have developed a technique in animal models that could replenish the very cells destroyed by the disease.
A drug given to pregnant mice with models of autism prevents autistic behavior in their offspring, a new report shows, and though the drug could not be administered prenatally in humans (there is no way to screen for autism in human fetuses), clinical trials of this drug administered later in development, in young children who have already developed autistic symptoms, are showing progress.
In PROOF's second report on household food insecurity, we see that despite Canada's economic recovery, the number of Canadians struggling to put food on the table because of food insecurity is not abating. In fact, the problem appears to have persisted or grown in every province and territory.Four million Canadians, including 1.
ETH-Zurich researchers have discovered a new, surprising link between chloracne and a molecule that protects cells against stress: if Nrf2 gets out of control, disfiguring cysts form on the skin.The images were seen all over the world and stuck in the minds of many: in the autumn of 2004, former President of the Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, was poisoned with a high dose of dioxin.
According to the National Cancer Institute, 2013 saw approximately 48,610 new cases of leukemia diagnosed in the US. Now, from analyzing the genomes of twin 3-year-old-sisters - one with and one without aggressive leukemia - researchers have discovered a new molecular target that could be used to treat deadly and recurring forms of the disease.
States that decriminalized marijuana saw dramatic increases in children requiring medical intervention, although the overall number of unintentional marijuana exposures among children remained low. The Annals of Emergency Medicine study of call volume to U.S.
Thanks to advanced technologies, those who wear prosthetic and orthotic devices are now able to break previous activity boundaries. People with amputations now have prosthetic devices that allow them to engage in and function more effectively in a wider range of daily activities, exercise, sports, and even extreme sports, such as long-distance snowshoeing and ice climbing.