Kids' Health News

GI tract may be the source for chlamydia reinfections

The current standard of care treatment for chlamydia sometimes fails to eradicate the disease, according to a review published ahead of print in Infection and Immunity, and the culprit may be in the gut.Chlamydia trachomatis not only infects the reproductive tract, but abides persistently - though benignly - in the gastrointestinal tract.

A child's gender influences symptoms of genetic disorder

A genetic disorder that affects about 1 in every 2,500 births can cause a bewildering array of clinical problems, including brain tumors, impaired vision, learning disabilities, behavioral problems, heart defects and bone deformities. The symptoms and their severity vary among patients affected by this condition, known as neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1).

Behavior in real world affected by video games, study claims

The debate on whether video games influence behavior in real life has raged on for some time. Now, a new study involving college students demonstrates that playing a villain in a virtual environment encourages individuals to punish anonymous strangers.Results of the study were published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Preterm babies' language skills better when exposed to adult speech

The linguistic benefits of talking to babies has been well documented, as their brains rapidly develop, allowing them to make millions of new connections. Now, researchers looking at the effects of adult speech on preterm infants have found that increased adult speech during the early weeks of life is associated with better cognitive scores later.

CDC: kids' caffeine sources now coffee, energy drinks

New research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finds that although overall caffeine intake has not increased among children and adolescents in recent years, more children are consuming caffeine from diverse sources, including coffee and energy drinks.The research team, including Amy M.

New method for designing artificial proteins capable of stimulating an immune response against RSV

Vanderbilt University scientists have contributed to a major finding, reported in the journal Nature, which could lead to the first effective vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a significant cause of infant mortality.The Vanderbilt scientists and others analyzed in an animal model a new method developed at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) in La Jolla, Calif.

A drug affecting chloride levels improves autistic-like behavior in offspring of mouse models of autism

A drug given to pregnant mice with models of autism prevents autistic behavior in their offspring, a new report shows, and though the drug could not be administered prenatally in humans (there is no way to screen for autism in human fetuses), clinical trials of this drug administered later in development, in young children who have already developed autistic symptoms, are showing progress.

Household food insecurity in Canada

In PROOF's second report on household food insecurity, we see that despite Canada's economic recovery, the number of Canadians struggling to put food on the table because of food insecurity is not abating. In fact, the problem appears to have persisted or grown in every province and territory.Four million Canadians, including 1.

Surprising link discovered between chloracne and a molecule that protects cells against stress

ETH-Zurich researchers have discovered a new, surprising link between chloracne and a molecule that protects cells against stress: if Nrf2 gets out of control, disfiguring cysts form on the skin.The images were seen all over the world and stuck in the minds of many: in the autumn of 2004, former President of the Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, was poisoned with a high dose of dioxin.

Leukemia: study of twin sisters leads to novel molecular discovery

According to the National Cancer Institute, 2013 saw approximately 48,610 new cases of leukemia diagnosed in the US. Now, from analyzing the genomes of twin 3-year-old-sisters - one with and one without aggressive leukemia - researchers have discovered a new molecular target that could be used to treat deadly and recurring forms of the disease.

More children destined for the ER if pot decriminalized

States that decriminalized marijuana saw dramatic increases in children requiring medical intervention, although the overall number of unintentional marijuana exposures among children remained low. The Annals of Emergency Medicine study of call volume to U.S.

Active life-style possible for users of new, high-tech prosthetics and orthotics

Thanks to advanced technologies, those who wear prosthetic and orthotic devices are now able to break previous activity boundaries. People with amputations now have prosthetic devices that allow them to engage in and function more effectively in a wider range of daily activities, exercise, sports, and even extreme sports, such as long-distance snowshoeing and ice climbing.

Birth hormone may control the expression of autism in animals

The scientific community agrees that autism has its origins in early life - foetal and/or postnatal. The team led by Yehezkel Ben-Ari, Inserm Emeritus Research Director at the Mediterranean Institute of Neurobiology (INMED), has made a breakthrough in the understanding of the disorder.

Increase in obesity may be slowing, but not by much

In his 2014 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama referred to an August 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study that showed a decline in the obesity rate among low-income pre-school children, saying, "Michelle's Let's Move!

No childhood leukemia risk from power lines

Children who spend their early years living near overhead power lines are not at greater risk of developing childhood leukemia, according to researchers at the University of Oxford in the UK, who report their findings in the British Journal of Cancer.In the UK, as in the US, leukemia accounts for around a third of all cancers diagnosed in children.

Pregnancy: overactive immune system linked to offspring brain damage

In a mouse study, researchers found that fetal mice who were exposed in the womb to a maternal immune system in overdrive - due to an infection or other illness - displayed lasting signs of brain damage into adulthood. And the investigators believe their findings could be relevant to human neurologic diseases, such as schizophrenia and autism.

Get tough! How outward bound adventures increase teenage resilience

Today's youth face many debilitating situations in their lives such as depression, suicide, poverty, and physical issues. In this environment how can they develop coping strategies for life and personal resilience? How can we support them to do this?Hayhurst et al define resilience as "the ability to react to adversity and challenge in an adaptive and productive way".