Kids' Health News

Obesity prevention in pediatrics is focus of two studies

Infants with a heartier appetite grew more rapidly up to age 15 months, which may be an increased risk for obesity, in a study of twins by Cornelia H.M. van Jaarsveld, Ph.D., of University College London, England, and colleagues.

Breastfeeding deterred by in-hospital formula use

When mothers feed their newborns formula in the hospital, they are less likely to fully breastfeed their babies in the second month of life and more likely to quit breastfeeding early, even if they had hoped to breastfeed longer, UC Davis researchers have found.

Obesity in Samoa - a worrying trend

The South Pacific archipelago of Samoa and American Samoa harbors a global health mystery that may seem both remote and extreme but could foretell trends in obesity and related conditions across much of the developing world.About three-quarters of the U.S. territory's adult population is obese, the highest rate in the world with independent Samoa quickly catching up.

'Moving' pediatric brain tumors by hijacking cancer migration mechanism

One factor that makes glioblastoma cancers so difficult to treat is that malignant cells from the tumors spread throughout the brain by following nerve fibers and blood vessels to invade new locations. Now, researchers have learned to hijack this migratory mechanism, turning it against the cancer by using a film of nanofibers thinner than human hair to lure tumor cells away.

Delayed language development 'a result of gender and genes'

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around 1 in 6 children in the US had a developmental disability, including intellectual disabilities, in 2006-2008. Now, new research suggests that gender and genes could play a part in delayed language development - with boys at greater risk than girls.

Bullying affects children's long-term health, study shows

In the first study of its kind to assess the compounding effects of bullying over 5 years, researchers have found that a child experiences more severe and lasting health implications the longer he or she is bullied, suggesting that early interventions could reverse the "downward health trajectory" that victims of bullying may experience.

From music to medicine

"If you had asked me six years ago, I would never have guessed that the video analysis system could be used in this way," says Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Head of Department at the Department of Musicology, University of Oslo.Some years ago, Jensenius developed a tool for measuring how we - professional musicians as well as ordinary folk - move to music.

Passive smoking impairs children's responses to asthma treatment

Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found.Passive smoking is known to worsen asthma symptoms in children and impair their response to inhaled steroid treatment, but how this effect occurs was not known.

Action video games may help people with dyslexia learn to read

In addition to their trouble with reading, people with dyslexia also have greater difficulty than typical readers do when it comes to managing competing sensory cues, according to a study reported in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. The findings suggest that action video games might improve literacy skills in those with dyslexia, which represent five to ten percent of the population.

The immune system in the lungs is different and vulnerable in newborns

Newborns are more susceptible to infections, presumably because of their immature and inexperienced immune systems. The most common dangerous condition in newborns and infants are lower respiratory tract infections caused by viruses, especially respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Why talking to kids really matters

Fifty years of research has revealed the sad truth that the children of lower-income, less-educated parents typically enter school with poorer language skills than their more privileged counterparts. By some measures, 5-year-old children of lower socioeconomic status (SES) score two years behind on standardized language development tests by the time they enter school.

More than 700,000 flu-like illnesses linked to well-child visits

New research shows that well-child doctor appointments for annual exams and vaccinations are associated with an increased risk of flu-like illnesses in children and family members within two weeks of the visit. This risk translates to more than 700,000 potentially avoidable illnesses each year, costing more than $490 million annually.

Industrial chemicals 'may cause global neurodevelopmental epidemic'

A new review published in The Lancet Neurology stresses the importance of a global overhaul of regulations regarding industrial chemicals, as experts warn that child exposure to such toxins could be causing a "silent epidemic" of brain development disorders worldwide.According to Dr. Phillippe Grandjean, of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, MA, and Dr.