Infants with a heartier appetite grew more rapidly up to age 15 months, which may be an increased risk for obesity, in a study of twins by Cornelia H.M. van Jaarsveld, Ph.D., of University College London, England, and colleagues.
A series of studies are published in a special supplement that presents results of the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership - a three-year pilot program funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the goal of improving the health of Ethiopian mothers and their newborns.
A leading eye specialist has warned thousands of children with a disabling sight disorder are being "written off". Jay Self, a consultant paediatric ophthalmologist at Southampton Children's Hospital, said simple interventions used to improve the lives of patients with nystagmus continued to be overlooked.
Among the multiple factors that can cause obesity is an abnormal neurocognitive or behavioral response to food cues. The brain becomes wired to seek - and expect - greater rewards from food, which leads to unhealthful overeating.
When mothers feed their newborns formula in the hospital, they are less likely to fully breastfeed their babies in the second month of life and more likely to quit breastfeeding early, even if they had hoped to breastfeed longer, UC Davis researchers have found.
Money and parenting don't mix. That's according to new research that suggests that merely thinking about money diminishes the meaning people derive from parenting. The study is one among a growing number that identifies when, why, and how parenthood is associated with happiness or misery.
The South Pacific archipelago of Samoa and American Samoa harbors a global health mystery that may seem both remote and extreme but could foretell trends in obesity and related conditions across much of the developing world.About three-quarters of the U.S. territory's adult population is obese, the highest rate in the world with independent Samoa quickly catching up.
One factor that makes glioblastoma cancers so difficult to treat is that malignant cells from the tumors spread throughout the brain by following nerve fibers and blood vessels to invade new locations. Now, researchers have learned to hijack this migratory mechanism, turning it against the cancer by using a film of nanofibers thinner than human hair to lure tumor cells away.
Our response to societal pressures about vaccination has a direct effect on the spread of pediatric infectious diseases in areas where inoculation is not mandatory, says new research published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around 1 in 6 children in the US had a developmental disability, including intellectual disabilities, in 2006-2008. Now, new research suggests that gender and genes could play a part in delayed language development - with boys at greater risk than girls.
In the first study of its kind to assess the compounding effects of bullying over 5 years, researchers have found that a child experiences more severe and lasting health implications the longer he or she is bullied, suggesting that early interventions could reverse the "downward health trajectory" that victims of bullying may experience.
"If you had asked me six years ago, I would never have guessed that the video analysis system could be used in this way," says Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Head of Department at the Department of Musicology, University of Oslo.Some years ago, Jensenius developed a tool for measuring how we - professional musicians as well as ordinary folk - move to music.
Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found.Passive smoking is known to worsen asthma symptoms in children and impair their response to inhaled steroid treatment, but how this effect occurs was not known.
Intensive dialysis treatments in pregnant women with kidney failure lead to a higher proportion of live births than standard dialysis care, according to a study appearing in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN).
In addition to their trouble with reading, people with dyslexia also have greater difficulty than typical readers do when it comes to managing competing sensory cues, according to a study reported in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. The findings suggest that action video games might improve literacy skills in those with dyslexia, which represent five to ten percent of the population.
Newborns are more susceptible to infections, presumably because of their immature and inexperienced immune systems. The most common dangerous condition in newborns and infants are lower respiratory tract infections caused by viruses, especially respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
Fifty years of research has revealed the sad truth that the children of lower-income, less-educated parents typically enter school with poorer language skills than their more privileged counterparts. By some measures, 5-year-old children of lower socioeconomic status (SES) score two years behind on standardized language development tests by the time they enter school.
Children living in areas surrounded by fast food outlets are more likely to be overweight or obese according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR).
New research shows that well-child doctor appointments for annual exams and vaccinations are associated with an increased risk of flu-like illnesses in children and family members within two weeks of the visit. This risk translates to more than 700,000 potentially avoidable illnesses each year, costing more than $490 million annually.
A new review published in The Lancet Neurology stresses the importance of a global overhaul of regulations regarding industrial chemicals, as experts warn that child exposure to such toxins could be causing a "silent epidemic" of brain development disorders worldwide.According to Dr. Phillippe Grandjean, of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, MA, and Dr.