Kids' Health News

Treatment priorities set in new national research effort

Treatment regimens often evolve without strong scientific evidence of their benefits and drawbacks, particularly in comparison to other drugs or approaches.Now Duke Medicine is participating in a large national initiative aiming to fill in that missing information.

Evaluating the role of infliximab in treating Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki Disease (KD) is a severe childhood disease that many parents, even some doctors, mistake for an inconsequential viral infection. If not diagnosed or treated in time, it can lead to irreversible heart damage.Signs of KD include prolonged fever associated with rash, red eyes, mouth, lips and tongue, and swollen hands and feet with peeling skin.

Pointing is infants' first communicative gesture

Catalan researchers have studied the acquisition and development of language in babies on the basis of the temporary coordination of gestures and speech. The results are the first in showing how and when they acquire the pattern of coordination between the two elements which allows them to communicate very early on.

Making drinking illegal before 21 saves lives

Although some advocates want to lower the legal drinking age from 21, research continues to show that the law saves lives. That's the finding of a new review published in a special supplemental issue to the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.Researchers found that studies done since 2006 - when a new debate over age-21 laws flared up - have continued to demonstrate that the mandates work.

Some hospital infections reduced by computerized checklist

A computerized safety checklist that automatically pulls information from patients' electronic medical records was associated with a threefold drop in rates of one serious type of hospital-acquired infection, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford.

Policy statement suggests ways to improve drug safety and efficacy in children

With less than half of medications including specific labeling for children, Kathleen Neville, MD, MS, a physician at Children's Mercy Hospital, recently led an American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) committee in updating the policy with new recommendations guiding the off-label use of drugs in pediatric patients.

Cardiac function improved in mice with genetic heart defect

Congenital heart disease is the most common form of birth defect, affecting one out of every 125 babies, according to the National Institutes of Health. Researchers from the University of Missouri recently found success using a drug to treat laboratory mice with one form of congenital heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - a weakening of the heart caused by abnormally thick muscle.

Maternal acetaminophen use 'increases risk of offspring behavioral disorders'

New research suggests that children of mothers who use acetaminophen during pregnancy are much more likely to develop hyperkinetic disorders and behavioral problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, compared with children of mothers who do not use the pain-relieving drug during pregnancy.This is according to a study recently published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Drinking age of 21: review confirms it saves lives

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, approximately 5,000 US youths under the age of 21 die from unintentional injuries, homicides and suicides related to alcohol consumption every year. But a new review states that if the age-21 drinking law was not in place, these numbers would be even higher.

Rare polio-like disease strikes five kids in California

Researchers have identified a polio-like disease that has caused severe weakness or rapid paralysis in one or more arms and legs in five children from California since 2012. They are presenting their findings at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Philadelphia, PA, at the end of April.One of the researchers, Dr.

Gaps in inpatient psychiatry for Ontario youth

A first of its kind benchmarking survey was used to evaluate the state of inpatient psychiatry settings and services for youth at hospitals across Ontario, as published in the Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Common driver of a childhood brain tumor discovered by gene sequencing project

The St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project has identified the most common genetic alteration ever reported in the brain tumor ependymoma and evidence that the alteration drives tumor development. The research appears as an advanced online publication in the scientific journal Nature.

Inherited predisposition to leukemia found in infants

Babies who develop leukemia during the first year of life appear to inherit an unfortunate combination of genetic variations that can make the infants highly susceptible to the disease, according to a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Minnesota.The research is available online in the journal Leukemia.

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