Kids' Health News

Rett Syndrome: Mecasermin (rh-IGF-1) treatment is safe and well-tolerated

The results from Boston Children's Hospital's Phase 1 human clinical trial in Rett syndrome have been released. A team of investigators successfully completed a Phase 1 clinical trial using mecasermin [recombinant human insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)], showing proof-of-principle that treatments like IGF-1 which are based on the neurobiology of Rett syndrome, are possible.

When mothers have network of peers, malnourished children are better fed

Women in rural India who participate in a vocational training program learn more than just life skills. A recent University of Illinois study found that mothers who participated in a program designed to educate and empower women gained a network of peers that led to increased bargaining strength in the home, and significantly improved their children's consumption of rice and dairy.

Severe genetic disease prevalent in Moroccan Jews identified

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have unraveled the genetic basis of a hereditary disease that causes severe brain atrophy, mental retardation and epilepsy in Jews of Moroccan ancestry, according to a study published this week online in the Journal of Medical Genetics.

Technology delivers new era of personalization to treat uncontrollable seizures

A team of researchers from the National Institutes of Health, Emory University and Cedars-Sinai - specialists in identifying and treating very rare diseases - used three innovative tools to detect a previously unknown gene mutation, test potential therapies in the lab, and initiate personalized drug treatment for a boy with a lifelong history of uncontrollable seizures that caused significant...

Antibiotics versus the gut microbiota

Antibiotics are valuable, potentially life-saving tools that have significantly reduced human morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, antibiotics may also have unintended consequences from their off-target effects that may increase the risk of many long-term conditions.

Children in the UK are eating too much salt, new study finds

According to a study in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, children in the UK are consuming too much salt, with much of it coming from breads and cereals.Eating too much salt is one of the main factors behind high blood pressure, which in turn increases risk for heart disease and stroke.

Teen girls: obesity linked to lower academic performance

Obesity carries with it many health risks, such as cardiovascular disease, prediabetes and many types of cancer. But now, a new study has found a link between obesity in adolescent girls and lower academic levels throughout their teens.

Researchers pioneer revolutionary treatment to reduce disabilities in neonatal twins

The number of children suffering severe disabilities after treatment for a deadly condition affecting just over 10% of all identical twin pregnancies could be dramatically reduced after University of Birmingham researchers pioneered a new treatment, in collaboration with other experts in Europe, resulting in better outcomes for babies affected.

Children who watch more television sleep less

Pre-school and school-aged children who spent more time watching television got less sleep according to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics. Sleep is important and prior research has suggested that television viewing can cause irregular sleep habits.

Preterm birth may increase the risk of asthma and wheezing disorders during childhood

Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) in Boston, Massachusetts, in collaboration with investigators at the Maastricht University Medical Centre and Maastricht University School of Public Health in the Netherlands and The University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, have published findings strongly suggesting that preterm birth (prior to 37 weeks gestation) increases the risk of...

Youth suicide-related behaviors have stopped declining after years of improvement

A new study from St. Michael's Hospital found that, after four years of declining, the rates of teenagers coming into Ontario emergency departments with suicide-related behaviours stopped dropping between 2006 and 2010.Suicide-related behaviours are incidents of self-inflicted injuries or self-poisonings.

A team approach to autism diagnosis and care

Improving diagnosis and treatment for individuals with autism has been the focus of a growing body of research. New information from these studies led the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to revise key parameters for evaluating and treating autism. Researchers led by Yale Child Study Center director Fred Volkmar, M.D., have published the new practice parameters in the Feb.

Cyberbullying 'causes suicidal thoughts in kids more than traditional bullying'

Cyberbullying is more strongly related to suicidal thoughts in children and adolescents than traditional bullying, according to a new analysis published in JAMA Pediatrics.Some estimates suggest that - depending on the country of origin - between 5% and 20% of children are victims of physical, verbal or exclusion-based bullying.

Girls born underweight 'more likely to be infertile adults'

Researchers have found that girls who are born unexpectedly small or underweight are twice as likely to have fertility issues in adulthood than those born at a normal size. This is according to a study published in the journal BMJ Open.

Leukemia gene mutation linked to new childhood growth disorder

New research led by the Institute of Cancer Research in the UK has discovered that a gene mutation associated with leukemia may be the cause of a newly described condition that affects the growth and intellectual development of children.This is according to a study recently published in the journal Nature Genetics.

Serious diarrheal infection in kids linked to antibiotics

A new study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds that most cases of the severe - and potentially fatal - diarrhea illness in children caused by Clostridium difficile infection picked up outside of the hospital occur among those who have recently taken prescribed antibiotics.

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